How to Brew Beer at Home

Here is a simple instruction how to brew beer at home in five steps.

producing beer  %tages How to Brew Beer at Home


  1. 2.25 Oz of East Kent Goldings Hops – Hops will add bitterness to your beer.  Pellets are most common and easy to store.  Keep your unused hops in the freezer in airtight bags for keeping aroma.
  2. Six lbs of Unhopped Pale Malt Extract – It purchased in cans that are around 3 lbs each.  Malt provides the sweet base that the yeast will feed on to make alcohol.  Available from various manufacturers.  Dry malt extract is an acceptable alternative.
  3. 2/3 cup Priming Sugar – We will use corn sugar.  It is available from your brew store or grocer.
  4. One Package of American Ale liquid Yeast.  Liquid yeast gives very high quality beer.


  1. A Bottle Filler – Available from your homebrew store – should be sized to fit on the end of  your siphon tubing.
  2. A Large Pot – At least 3 gallons in size, though a larger one will generally result in fewer spills.
  3. A Sanitizing solution – Beer is prone to infection, so everything must be sanitized before use. Household bleach can be used, but it must be thoroughly rinsed to prevent contamination.  Your brew store may have alternatives such as iodophor and starsan.
  4. Tubing & Clamp – To siphon and bottle the beer- A six foot section of 3/8″ ID food grade plastic tubing will work.
  5. An Airtight Fermenting Bucket – A five gal plastic bucket with lid, or a glass carboy.  Better to purchase a glass carboy as they are easier to keep sanitized and don’t leak.  If you get a carboy you may need a large bottle brush to clean it.
  6. A Bottle Capper – A hand driven device to cap your bottles also available from your homebrew store.
  7. An Air Lock and Stopper – Sized to fit your fermenter.
  8. A Thermometer – A floating thermometer with a range of 0-100 C or up from 32-220 F
  9. Bottles – You need two cases in 12 oz bottles to bottle five gallons of beer.
  10. Bottle Brush –  A small brush to get your bottles clean.
  11. Bottle Caps – New bottle caps sold at your brewing supplier – you need about 50 caps for a five gal batch

Five Steps for Brewing:

  1. Brewing the Beer – Hops and pale malt extract are boiled together with water for an hour to sterilize the extract and remove the bittering qualities of the hops.  Frequently grains are steeped in the mixture prior to the boil to add additional flavor and color complexity.
  2. Cooling and Fermenting – The hot mixture named wort is cooled to room temperature and siphoned to a fermenter where it is combined with additional water to achieve the desired five gallon batch size. After the mixture starts to drop to room temperature, yeast is added to start the fermentation process.  Cleanliness and sanitation are highly important since the wort can be easily infected by microbe in this step.  An airlock is used to keep the fermenter sealed during fermentation.  Your beer will ferment for two weeks.
  3. Priming and Bottling – After the beer is fully fermented, it is siphoned to another container to prepare for bottling step.  Here corn sugar are mixed with the beer.  The beer is siphoned into bottles and every bottle is capped with a bottle capping device.
  4. Aging – Once the beer has been bottled it has to age for 3-6 weeks.  During aging the yeast will ferment the remaining sugar you added and create CO2.  This CO2 will naturally carbonate your beer so it is nice and bubbly. Undesirable sediments such as excess yeast and proteins will drop out of the beer during aging and this will enhance the aroma of your beer.  In may take many months to reach peak aroma, though homemade beer usually drinkable after a month.
  5. Drinking – When the beer is aged – just put the bottles in the fridge and have a nice day!

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