Brewpubs

A brewpub is a pub or restaurant that brews beer on the premises. Some brewpubs, such as those in Germany, have been brewing traditionally on the premises for hundreds of years.

History of brewpubs in the world:

The trend toward larger brewing companies started to change during the 1970s when the popularity of the Campaign for Real Ale campaign for traditional brewing methods encouraged brewers in the UK to form their own small brewpubs.

In America the first American brewpub opened in 1982 but the growth since then has been speeded up: the Association of Brewers reports that in 2008 there were 1591 regional brewpubs in the United States.


Opposite to the most of countries, traditional brewpub or Brauhaus remains a main source of beer in Germany.

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Medieval Times

histrory england  %tages Medieval TimesThe Emperor Charlemagne (AD 742-814), the great Christian ruler, considered beer as essential for moderate living, and personally trained the realm's brewmasters. King Arthur served his Knights of the Round Table with beer called bragget.

Even in medieval times, beer was generally brewed by women. Being the cooks, they had responsibility for beer which was regarded as 'food-drink'. After the monasteries had established the best methods of brewing, the 'ale-wives' took the responsibility for further brewing.

In England at this time a chequered flag indicated a place where ale and beer could be purchased.

Of course few people other than the clergy could read or write, and a written sign would have been of little use.

Many events of this era incorporate the word 'ale', reflecting its importance in society. Brides traditionally sold ale on their wedding day to defray the expenses - hence 'bride-ale' which became 'bridal'. The Christmas expression 'yule-tide' actually means 'ale-tide'.

Saint Thomas A'Becket, martyred archbishop of Canterbury, was selected as patron saint of one of the London Guilds, the Brewers' Company. When he went to France in 1158 to seek the hand of a French princess for Prince Henry of England, he took several barrels of British ale as gifts.

Beer was also handed out free of charge to weary travelers when the Wayfarer Dole was established in England. A Pilgrim's Dole of ale and bread can still be claimed by all wayfarers at the Hospital of St Cross, Winchester, England. This is said to have been founded by William of Wykeham, (1367-1404), and was claimed by Emerson, the American essayist, when visiting Winchester.

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Beer In School

Many high school cafes in some European countries serve alcohol to those students who wish to drink.sumeria histrory beer in culture  %tages Beer In SchoolBetween 10,000 and 15,000 years ago, some humans discontinued their nomadic hunting and gathering and settled down to farm. Grain was the first domesticated crop that started that farming process.

The oldest proven records of brewing are about 6,000 years old and refer to the Sumerians.
Sumeria lay between the .  It is said that the Sumerians discovered the fermentation process by chance.  No one knows today exactly how this occurred, but it could be that a piece of bread or grain became wet and a short time later, it began to ferment and a inebriating pulp resulted.  A seal around 4,000 years old is a Sumerian "Hymn to Ninkasi", the goddess of brewing.  This "hymn" is also a recipe for making beer. A description of the making of beer on this ancient engraving in the Sumerian language is the earliest account of what is easily recognized as barley, followed by a pictograph of bread being baked, crumbled into water to form a mash, and then made into a drink that is recorded as having made people feel "exhilarated, wonderful and blissful." It could be that baked bread was a convenient method of storing and transporting a resource for making beer.  The Sumerians were able to repeat this process and are assumed to be he first civilized culture to brew beer. They had discovered a "divine drink" which certainly was a gift from the gods.

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Did You Know This?

other histrory  %tages Did You Know This?Before invention of the thermometer, beer-makers used to check the temperature by dipping their thumb, to find whether appropriate for adding Yeast. Too hot, the yeast would die. This is where we get the phrase " The Rule of the Thumb"

In English pubs, ale is ordered by pints and quarts. So in old England, when customers got unruly, the bartender used to yell at them to mind their own pints and quarts and settle down. From where we get "mind your own P's and Q's".

4000 years ago, it was the usual practice in Babylon that for a month after the wedding, the bride's father would supply his son-in-law with all the mead he could drink. Mead is a honey beer, and because their calender was lunar based, this period was called the "honey month" or what we know to day as the "Honey moon"

Long ago in UK, pub frequenters had a whistle baked into the rim of their beer mugs or ceramic/glass cups. The whistle was used to order services. Thus we get the phrase, "wet your whistle".

After consuming a vibrant brew called Aul or Ale, the Vikings would go fearlessly to the battlefield, without their armor, or even their shirts. The "Berserk" means "bear shirt" in Norse, and eventually to the meaning of wild battles.

Way down in 1740, the Admiral Veron of the British fleet decided to water down the navy's rum, which naturally, the sailors weren't pleased with. They nicknamed the Admiral Old Grog, after the still stiff grogram coats he used to wear. The term grog soon began to mean the watered down drink itself. When you are drunk on this this grog, you are "groggy", a word still in use.

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10 Oktoberfest Facts

1. Oktoberfest is held in Munich Germany and bizarrely starts in September, running for approximately sixteen days through to the first week of October.

2. The first ever Oktoberfest was held on October 12th 1810 and was organized for the public commemoration of Crown Prince Ludwig (later King Ludwig I) and Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen whose marriage took place five days prior. The original Oktoberfest included a horse race which persisted until 1960.

3. 2010 is the 200th anniversary of Oktoberfest, to mark the occasion a horse race in historical costumes was held on the opening day.

4. On average six million people attend the festival each year– that’s just under half of Australia’s total adult population.

5. On average a one liter beer at the festival, known as a stein, will cost attendees 8.50 Euros (approximately $14).

6. Approximately 7 million liters of beer, 80 thousand liters of wine, 32 thousand liters of sparkling wine, 220 liters of tea/coffee and 1 million liters of water/lemonade will be consumed over the course of the festival.

7. Many beer drinkers forget that the beer served has on average a 7.5% to 8% alcohol content and as a result often pass out due to excessive drinking. These drunk patrons are called “Bierleichen“ which is German for “beer corpses“.

8. The festival covers grounds which are about half km2 (103.78 acres) in size.

9. In total the beer halls have seating capacity for 100,000 people. The largest beer hall / tent has seating capacity for 10,900 people (8,450 inside and 2,450 outside).

10. After 2004 the queues for toilets became so long that the police had to regulate the entrance.
histrory germany consuming beer beer in culture  %tages 10 Oktoberfest FactsBelow is a brief history of the Oktoberfest that is held yearly in Munich, German. As it was mentioned the first Oktoberfest took place in the year 1810, and was held in the month of October. The year 1811 saw the first of the exhibitions of agriculture and animals. The best of the horses and oxen were awarded prizes. In the year 1815 the first Continue reading

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Beer Hall Putsch of 1923

The Beer Hall Putsch or the Hitler Putsch occurred in the evening of Thursday, November 8 to early afternoon of Friday, November 9, 1923 when the nascent National Socialist party's Fuhrer Adolf Hitler, the popular World War I General Erich Ludendorf, and other leaders of the Kampfbund, unsuccessfully tried to gain power in Munich, Bavaria, Germany. (A putsch is what Germans call a coup d'etat or a revolt of a small amount of people, e.g. a military coup.)

Background

Beer halls were huge taverns that existed in most larger South German towns, where hundreds or even thousands of people would gather during the evenings, drink beer out of stone jugs and sing rousing drinking songs. They were also places where political rallies would be held. One of the largest in Munich was the Burgerbrau Keller where the putsch was launched.

histrory  %tages Beer Hall Putsch of 1923German power and prestige were destroyed in the aftermath of the war. another "betrayal" by the central government, as Hitler saw it. In September, he called out his 15,000 stormtroopers and announced that starting on September 27, 1923, he would be holding 14 mass meetings. This prompted the Bavarian Prime Minister Eugen Ritter von Knilling to declare a state of emergency and name Gustav von Kahr as Bavarian Commissar, Bavarian State Police head Col. Hans von Seisser, and Reichswehr General Otto von Lossow as dictators (they were called the "triumvirs") to keep order.

Hitler with other leaders in the Kampfbund searched out the triumvirs, the leaders of the conservative-nationalist-monarchist groups to convince them to march upon Berlin and seize power. In April, before the establishment of the triumvir, Hitler would call von Kahr almost every day. Each thought to use the other to propel himself into power. Von Kahr sought to restore the monarchy; Hitler wanted to be dictator.

The "Putsch"

The putsch attempted was influenced by Mussolini's successful March on Rome. Further, when Hitler realized von Kahr either sought to control him or was losing heart (history is unclear), Hitler decided to take matters into his own hands. He planned to use Munich as a base against Germany's Weimar Republic government in Berlin. Hitler, along with a large detachment of SA, marched on the Burgerbrau Keller, a Munich beer hall where von Kahr was making a speech in front of 3,000 people. In the darkness, 600 stormtroopers surrounded the beer hall and a machine gun was set up pointing at the front door. Adolf Hitler, surrounded by his associates Hermann Goring, Alfred Rosenberg, Rudolf He?, and Ulrich Graf, busted through the front door at 8:30 pm, fired a shot into the ceiling and jumped on a chair yelling,

"The national revolution has broken out! The hall is filled with six hundred men. Nobody is allowed to leave. The Bavarian government and the government at Berlin are deposed. A new government will be formed at once. The barracks of the Reichswehr and those of the police are occupied. Both have rallied to the swastika."
histrory  %tages Beer Hall Putsch of 1923
At gunpoint, Hitler forced von Kahr, von Seisser, and von Lossow, into a room and told them to support his march on Berlin, or they would be shot. Hitler thought that he would get an immediate response of affirmation from them. When that did not occur, things began to unravel and Hitler and Ernst Pohner began to entreat and badger their captives. During this stalemate, speeches were held, no one was allowed to leave and others of Hitler's entourage collected Prime Minister von Knilling and his cabinet as hostages from the audience (which would later include a prominent Jewish banker, Mr. Ludwig Wassermann).
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China and Beer

In 2011, China was the world’s largest beer consumer for the forth t straight year, with consumption increasing 11.8 percent from the previous year to 29.13 million kiloliters. China replaced the United States as the world largest beer consumer in 2002. It surpassed Germany to move up from Number three to Number two in the mid 1990s.histrory consuming beer china  %tages China and Beer

Average beer consumption in China is about twenty eight liters per person per year and that figure is growing fast. It compares with consumption figures of almost hundred liters per person per year in the UK and about seventy liters in Japan.

Beer consumption was about eighteen liters a year on a per capita basis in the 1990s, compared to 84 liters in te United States and 75 liters in western Europe. Beer drinking took off in China in the 1980s and 1990s. China produced 118 million barrels of beer in 1995, a fifteen-fold increase from 1980.

Beer is the most popular alcoholic beverage in China. It is generally pretty cheap, especially the local brands. A large bottle of beer can cost as little as 25 cents. Locally-made foreign brands such as Pabst Blue Label, Carlsberg and San Miguel are also fairly cheap. Beer is often served warm. Many Americans order beer with ice, the only way they know to get a cold beer.

Beer for the most part was introduced to China by the Western colonial powers, who introduced their regional tastes, with some adaptions for local preferences.
Top beer producers in 2003: 1) China (25.1 million kiloliters, 17.1 percent of the world’s production, 7 percent increase from the previous year); 2) the United States (23.08 million kiloliters, 15.6 percent of the world’s production, 1.6 percent decrease from the previous year); 3) Germany (10.53 million kiloliters, 6 percent of the world’s production, 2.1 percent decrease from the previous year).

Beer Business in China

The Chinese beer market grew tenfold in the 1990s yet it is still not very profitable. It suffers from overcapacity and low prices and has been described as “a very low margin, fragmented business.” A large bottle of beer can cost as little as 25 cents. Analyst say branding efforts are not very well developed and beer companies often make deals with restaurants and entertainment centers that are favorable to the restaurants but produce minimal profits for the beer companies.

The three largest brewers in China, which control 45 percent of the market, made only $100 million in profits in 2004, a seventh of what Heineken made and 5 percent what Anheuser-Basuch made most Chinese drinkers stick with local brews. China has a clutch of super-brewers such as Beijing Yanjing Brewery and Tsingtao Brewery and western companies are increasingly getting involved with local partners as they look to offset slowing growth in more mature markets.

Beer market share (1999): 1) Tsingtao Beijing (4.5 percent); 2) Yanjing Beijing (4 percent); 3) Imports (3 percent); 4) Guangzhou Zhujang (2.3 percent); 5) Sichian Blue Sword (2.1 percent); Other Chinese beers (84.1 percent).

China’s Snow Lager, the World's Best-Selling Beer

In 2011, a Chinese lager called Snow surpassed Bud Light to become the world's best-selling beer. The ascension of Snow is due to Snow’s popularity in China and to the growing thirst of Chinese drinkers for beer.

In 2010, Bud Light sold 5.18 billion liters or about 9 billion pints - while Snow sold 5.12 billion liters, according to industry statistics provider Plato Logic. In the first nine months of 2008, Snow has sold 5.1 billion liters, according to the third-quarter results of its maker, China Resources Snow Breweries. And while sales of Snow are growing at about 20 percent, sales of Bud Light, according to industry estimates, are down in the first nine months of this year in its biggest market, the US.

It will mark a meteroric rise for Snow's brewer. Since it was founded in 1994, CR Snow, has grown from a regional brewer with a single plant, in Shenyang in the north-eastern Liaoning province, to one of China's biggest drinks companies. CR Snow is a joint venture between China Resources Enterprise and UK-based brewer SABMiller, owner of Grolsch and Pilsner Urquell in the UK. It now has more than 30 brands and more than 60 breweries in China. Snow’s succession to the throne marks a significant success for SABMiller.A 640ml bottle of Snow costs less than 30 US cents. How about the taste? Snow. Reviewers at the monthly beer magazine Beeradvocate gave it a D describing it as ‘unimpressive’ and ‘extremely drinkable, like water’.

Tsingtao Beer

Tsingtao (pronounced CHING-dow) is Continue reading

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Beer Facts in America

Lovers of beer can talk about the strangest things. They bring up the best beer selections, the thickest beers and the healthiest to drink. So the next time you find yourself in a conversation with a few beer enthusiasts, blow their minds with some of these facts.
the usa histrory  %tages Beer Facts in America
There is a phenomenal record for the largest selection of beer in the world. The Brickskeller settled nicely in one of Washington, D.C.'s finest neighborhoods boasts that it proudly serves over thousand different beers. But when the inventory was officially recorded by the Guinness Book of World Records in January of 2002, the selection came to 1,072. The owner Dave Alexander still thought that number was low. Beer comes in daily and things go out of stock quickly. Plus the criteria for the record are for different varieties and brands, not if you are stocking cans and bottles of the same beer. Still 1,072 is a phenomenal number and since 2002, no one has even come close.

The National Institute of Aging definitely warns us to be aware of drinking problems that develop in old age because of certain factors. But, the National Institute of Aging has an interesting finding from an 18-year study that determined the advantage of consuming a drink a day in middle age. 50-plus men consistently scored higher on cognitive tests if they consumed a drink a day in middle age, than those men who were tested that didn't have a drink a day. That would have to be the greatest beer fact I have ever learned.

But, the funniest fact I have ever heard about beer and the habits of men would have to be the story of when the pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock. When the pilgrims set sail, they had taken great stock in everything that they had put on their ships. They had enough food to make the trip and they had enough supplies otherwise. But, did they have enough beer? They might have thought they did, but even I know better than to think I have enough beer. So, why did the pilgrims land on Plymouth Rock? It's the age old secret that only one person reveals.

A passenger on the Mayflower writes in his diary, "We could not now take time for further search or consideration; our victuals being much spent, especially our beer." This passage has long been given credit for why the pilgrims decided to land on Plymouth Rock rather than travel down the coast to Virginia as originally planned. But, that story is successfully disputed by Chicago author Bob Skilnik who brings to light the entirety of the diary entry.

Skilnik notes that in the diary entry, the date is mentioned. It was written in December, a month after landing on Plymouth Rock. The reality of the landing was that there was certainly enough beer left on board for the crew who had to make the return trip to England. Furthermore, the land was being surveyed for the best possible place to settle while the rest of the passengers stayed on board. All supplies were running low.

the usa histrory  %tages Beer Facts in AmericaThe interesting fact that arises is Continue reading

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